Pilar Carrasquer suggests multilevel interventions to clear up the gender wage gap
The Full Professor of the Sociology Department at the Autonomous University of Barcelona, researcher at the Center of Social Studies on Work and Daily Life researcher, QUIT, and at the Labour Studies Institute, IET, at the UAB, understands the gender wage gap as a multidimensional phenomenon which represents one of the most remarkable inequalities expressions between women and men in European societies.
Despite the fact that current legislation protects against wage discrimination, the difference between female and male salaries remains above 20 percent in Spain. All indicators point out the fact that the gender wage gap, far from disappearing, is consolidated and strengthened as a key factor of gender inequality in the labour market.
In her analysis of this multifaceted phenomenon, Carrasquer points out that the gender wage gap would be the result of several factors such as a greater female presence in part-time work, occupational segregation and the value given to more feminized occupations or discontinuity of female work career due to care work.
There are other aggravating factors related to the productive structure itself or salary characteristics and composition, among which, stands out the weight of salary supplements linked to the presence in the company.
"Occupational segregation, working time, recognition of women's work and transparency in the different management processes and work reward, make up the hard core of the factors explaining the gap", says Carrasquer.
In her presentation, the researcher pointed out the need to take action at different levels, both inside and outside the labour market, through social actors collaboration and competent administrations in the field of labour relations and public policies.
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Among the public attending the conference, it is worth mentioning the members of the Special Commission against Discrimination and Gender Violence, who have actively participated in the working meeting, and regional deputies and deputies of all the parliamentary groups who have contributed to the different analyzes of the experts in equality.